Two new billboards can be seen on Highway 35 north of Frederic, Wisconsin and on Highway 35 in downtown Luck, Wisconsin. If you would like to see more billboards like this, please go to the DONATE page and support our efforts. KnowCAFOs is very concerned about clean air and water. You should be too. We believe that the Giant Hog Factory wants to take advantage of you, for profit. Please call and email your local and state officials (see TAKE ACTION page) and tell them that you are concerned about the health of your family if our air and water are polluted. For talking points, click the billboard above.

Welcome to KnowCAFOs, a corporation dedicated to keeping you informed about the advance of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) into our communities. A CAFO farrowing operation has filed a preliminary application for a facility in Trade Lake Township in southern Burnett County, Wisconsin. This industrial operation that intends to house 26,350 hogs, approximately 7,500 sows that could have up to 30 pigs per year per sow! (link). Do the math. (7,500×30=225,000). While some won’t survive and will be composted on site, the remainder will presumably be shipped to facilities close by in Burnett and Polk in lots of 2,499 per facility to be fed off. That means a huge number of new hog farms in both counties.

The proposed Trade Lake facility admits that it will spread approximately 9 million gallons of liquid manure on just over 1,000 nearby acres per year. Smaller feed lot facilities will have their own manure to spread. A current Water Resource Survey of the Trade Lake Township (tradelakewi.com, hopefully soon) states that there is only one aquifer that residents have available for drinking water. The CAFO intends to remove millions of gallons of that water yearly and return some of it into local fields as liquid manure. Some will surely seep into the ground and penetrate the aquafer.  More of the feces will run off fields into ditches which drain into our local streams, rivers and lakes. Drinking and swimming in contaminated water has severe negative health effects for humans (link)  and can destroy the natural resources that support our area.

The air pollution from these facilities is also a major concern. (link) Windborne particles carry bacteria and gasses that are proven health hazards. (link)

The smell can travel downwind up to six miles. Sitting outside on a warm summer evening will be disgusting if the wind is right. And the smell is not just a bad odor—the air emitted from industrial hog farms contains contaminates such as: Ammonia; Hydrogen Sulfide; and Methane.

Our sign on Hwy 87, two miles from the proposed farrowing CAFO. Thank you for your donations.

So, the government will protect our health and property values, right? Not so fast. The Burnett and Polk County governments have, with extreme public input, instituted moratoriums and formed committees to investigate these CAFOs. Unfortunately, both County committees have so far failed to consider the health effects of these CAFOs on their citizens. (link),  (link) and (link).

Any Ordinance MUST include health-related clauses to protect the community. Based on extensive public and supervisor input, several Townships have created Ordinances that address these issues. Trade Lake Ordinance (link). Eureka Ordinance (link).

The Counties need to follow suit.

Who Are We?

KnowCAFOs, Inc. is a non-profit educational corporation that is concerned about water, air, and rural quality of life. The new Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) that are targeting Northwest Wisconsin bring with them the potential to crush family farms, tourism, and property values. To support us in our efforts to protect your way of life, please donate to support the costs of signs, website, and brochures. Include your email address to receive periodic updates. It will be safe with us and never abused.


Detail Map of Manure Spreading from Cumberland LLC Permit

Detail Map of Manure Spreading from Cumberland LLC Permit.  Source: https://www.stcroix360.com/2021/07/hog-company-proposes-spreading-manure-near-two-st-croix-tributaries/

What Can You Do?

What is a CAFO (Factory Farm)?

  • “Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation” = CAFO (Industrial Producers)
  • Houses hundreds to multiple thousands of animals in confined warehouse style buildings – no little red barns and few (if any) pastures on these industrial agriculture properties
  • There are nearly 300 CAFOs in Wisconsin alone
  • Wisconsin currently has 14 hog CAFOs statewide

Why are CAFOs a Concern?

  • Barns emit toxic gases/odors – risks to workers and neighboring residences
  • Huge problems with animal wastes (volume) and farm field spreading creates issues with ground and surface water pollution (algae-green lakes, fish kills, undrinkable water in private homes)
  • Infiltration of bacteria into wetlands, lakes, rivers and streams
  • Private well contamination issues (nitrates and bacteria such as e. coli, salmonella, etc.)
  • Overuse of antibiotics due to close proximity of animals to each other (residual medications in meat, milk, & cheese linked to antibiotic resistance in humans)
  • Creates monopolies in the meat industry (751 family farms went out of business since April 2018)
  • Decreased property values for surrounding rural residents within 3 miles of the facility
  • Self-reporting by industrial producers of violations (spills) is not working; DNR staff only cited 4% of violations committed by industrial producers per the Legislative Audit Report in June 2016

What about the proposed Burnett/Polk County CAFO (Suidae Health & Production are the industrial ag owners)?

  • Close proximity to St. Croix River – located in the St. Croix River watershed
  • Close proximity to Fish Lake Wildlife Area
  • Proposal for 26,350 hogs in this one location
  • 6.8 million gallons of manure produced annually and spread on area fields where runoff into groundwater, rivers, and streams is very likely
  • Potential expansion to include slaughterhouse (along with its contaminants)
  • Out-of-state company with no roots in Wisconsin – not a local family farmer to approach with concerns

Cumberland NR151 Proposed Targeted Areas

This overlay, compliments of StCroix360, was derived from data used in the NR151 rulemaking process. While the rule did not pass, the science (that says that liquid manure spreading in certain areas is problematic) is valid. This map shows areas of “restrictions on liquid manure” overlaying “Cumberland proposed spreading fields”. Professional input from readers like you is appreciated.

Cumberland NR151 Liquid Manure Restrictions

This overlay, compliments of StCroix360, was derived from data used in the NR151 rulemaking process. While the rule did not pass, the science (that says that nitrogen levels in certain areas is problematic) is valid. This map shows areas of “excess nitrogen” overlaying “Cumberland proposed spreading fields”. Professional input from readers like you is appreciated.

Cumberland NR151 Excess Nitrogen

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